is the name used to describe blood loss. It can refer to blood loss inside the body, called internal bleeding. Or it can refer to blood loss outside of the body, called external bleeding. Blood loss can occur in almost any area of the body and the severity of bleeding depends on the wounds as well as the vessels involve.
There were four methods in controlling bleeding based on the previous guidelines.
- Direct Pressure
- Pressure Points
QUESTION 1. Based on the latest guidelines, what is or are the methods in controlling bleeding?
2. Sucking Chest Wound
A sucking chest wound is a hole in the chest (from a gunshot wound, stabbing or other puncture wound) that makes a new pathway for air to travel into the chest cavity.
QUESTION 2. What is the latest guideline in handling sucking chest wound?
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Continues DIRECT PRESSURE is the the standard method of controlling bleeding. Maintain pressure until bleeding stops.
If direct pressure is unable to control bleeding on the limb(s), use TORNIQUET.
TORNIQUET can be considered as a first step in controlling bleeding if direct pressure cannot be applied effectively ( mass casualty), or a person with large or multiple injuries, a dangerous environment, or for an inaccessible wound.
When direct pressure is unable to control bleeding and torniquet cannot be applied such as chest, abdomen, or groin, HEMOSTATIC DRESSING can be applied with clot promoting agents.
Sucking Chest Wound
Control Bleeding by Direct Pressure without covering the wound with occlusive dressing. Placing an airtight dressing over the wound is NO LONGER RECOMMENDED as a first aid treatment due to the possibility of an unintended rise of pressure in the chest.
Take note however that people with higher degree of training may apply treatment based on their level of training.
YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THE LATEST GUIDELINE BY CLICKING FIRST AID UPDATE 2015