Category Archives: General Discussions

Review 101



  1. BLEEDING

is the name used to describe blood loss. It can refer to blood loss inside the body, called internal bleeding. Or it can refer to blood loss outside of the body, called external bleeding. Blood loss can occur in almost any area of the body and the severity of bleeding depends on the wounds as well as the vessels involve.

There were four methods in controlling bleeding based on the previous guidelines.

  1. Direct Pressure
  2. Elevation
  3. Pressure Points
  4.  Torniquet

QUESTION 1. Based on the latest guidelines, what is or are the methods in controlling bleeding?




  2. Sucking Chest Wound

A sucking chest wound is a hole in the chest (from a gunshot wound, stabbing or other puncture wound) that makes a new pathway for air to travel into the chest cavity.

 

QUESTION 2. What is the latest guideline in handling sucking chest wound?

Kindly post your answer on the comment form below or on the facebook post. Please be advised that your comments will be subject for approval.

ANSWERS:

Bleeding Control:

Continues DIRECT PRESSURE is the the standard method of controlling bleeding. Maintain pressure until bleeding stops.

If direct pressure is unable to control bleeding on the limb(s), use TORNIQUET.

TORNIQUET can be considered as a first step in controlling bleeding if direct pressure cannot be applied effectively ( mass casualty), or a person with large or multiple injuries, a dangerous environment, or for an inaccessible wound.

When direct pressure is unable to control bleeding and torniquet cannot be applied such as chest, abdomen, or groin, HEMOSTATIC DRESSING can be applied with clot promoting agents.

 



Sucking Chest Wound

Control Bleeding by Direct Pressure without covering the wound with occlusive dressing. Placing an airtight dressing over the wound is NO LONGER RECOMMENDED as a first aid treatment due to the possibility of an unintended rise of pressure in the chest.

Take note however that people with higher degree of training may apply treatment based on their level of training.

YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THE LATEST GUIDELINE BY CLICKING  FIRST AID UPDATE 2015

 

 

 

STAR OF LIFE

star of life

Star_of_life watch logoIt’s time to understand the symbol we call the 
“Star of Life”





The Star of Life is a blue, six-pointed star, outlined with a white border which features the rod of Asclepius in the center. The origin and design is governed by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) which is under the United States Department of Transportation, DOT). Internationally, it represents emergency medical services units and personnel. The logo was used as a stamp of authentication or certification for ambulances, emergency medical technicians, advance emergency medical technicians, paramedics and other emergency medical responders. However, it is now use Internationally to represent emergency medical services units and personnel.

 

 The symbol’s history

 

The Star of Life was created after the American Red Cross complained in 1973 since most ambulances used a safety orange cross on a square background of reflectorized white to designate them as emergency units. The orange cross too closely resembled their logo, the red cross on a white background, its use restricted by the Geneva Conventions.
The newly designed Star of Life was adapted from the Medical Identification Symbol of the American Medical Association, which was trademarked by the American Medical Association (AMA) in 1967. The newly designed logo was trademarked on February 1, 1977 with the Commissioner of Patents and Trade-marks in the name of the National Highway Traffic Safety and Administration. The logo was “given” to the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) for use as the emergency medical technicians (EMT) logo after the trademark expired in 1997.
From there, the logo was carried on and now are being utilized worldwide by emergency medical services and personnel. It has become an identifiable mark for rescuers and emergency providers even the form of a badge or a patch.




 

 

Understanding the symbol – The snake emblem

 

 

rod-of-asclepius-connected-mdThe Rod of Asclepius also known as the Staff of Asclepius is a serpent-entwined rod wielded by the Greek god Asclepius, a deity associated with healing and medicine. There were several theories with respect to the symbol but most of these can be traced to Greek mythology.
The symbol has continued to be used in modern times, where it is associated with medicine and health care. Medical doctors, nurses, emergency medical technicians, paramedics and even first aid providers proudly wear the symbol as an identification of their work or profession.
Understanding the Star – six points

There are six points or shall we say six branches in the star of life. Each point represent the task that a provider execute during the whole response.

 

Star_of_life_parts.svg

  • Detection: The first rescuers on the scene, usually untrained civilians or those involved in the incident, observe the scene, understand the problem, identify the dangers to themselves and the others, and take appropriate measures to ensure their safety on the scene (environmental, electricity, chemicals, radiation, etc.).
  • Reporting: The call for professional help is made and dispatch is connected with the victims, providing emergency medical dispatch. Most countries have a 3 digit number for their emergency medical services. The dispatcher usually decides and dispatch the necessary vehicles and personnel toward the scene basing on the report.
  • Response: The first rescuers provide first aid and immediate care to the extent of their capabilities. They also decide if additional resources are needed at the scene and may call for them.
  • On scene care: The EMS personnel arrive and provide immediate care to the extent of their capabilities on-scene. This includes assessment and prioritizing care such as airway management and controlling bleeding. Vitals signs will also be taken to have a baseline data of the victim or victims condition and also provides the necessary intervention for the patient to survive.
  • Care in transit: The EMS personnel proceed to transfer the patient to a hospital via an ambulance or helicopter for specialized care. They provide medical care during the transportation.
  • Transfer to definitive care: Appropriate specialized care is provided at the hospital depending on the nature of injury or illness.

 

 Don’t wear it unless you understand…..

 




There is no agency tasked with enforcing its use as a mark of certification, the Star of Life has traditionally been used as a means of identification for medical personnel, equipment, and vehicles. Many ambulance services mark the symbol on their vehicles, and ambulance crews often wear the design as part of their uniform.
It is quite interesting to know the meaning of what your wearing. So before you wear the patch or your pin, you should be able to know the meaning of the symbol. By knowing the meaning, we can be assured that you you also know your job. Then and then only you will be worthy of wearing the symbol we call the Star of Life…..